Unification Of Nepal | Second Phase - Ten'z Nepal

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Saturday, November 18, 2017

Unification Of Nepal | Second Phase

Recommended: Unification of Nepal First Phase

  •  Rajendra Laxmi and expansion of Nepal 

        After the death of king Prithivi Narayan Shah, his eldest son Pratap Singh Shah ascended the throne on 11th January 1775 A.D. at the age of 23. Pratap Singh Shah was a man of peaceful temperament. He maintained friendly relations with all He also continued in the unification During his reign, various places Kabilashpur, Dang,, Suneswor Gahri and Chitwan were annexed to the Nepal. He also tried to maintain the friendly relation with Bhot through a treaty. But unfortunately two years and he died on 7th November 1777, after reigning for ruler of the ten months. Thus, Pratap Singh became the of Nepal. shortest tenure in the modern period of the history years 6 After that son at the age two 1777 months was crowned as king of Nepal on 17th November years A.D. Queen Mother Rajendra Laxmi held his regency for 8 and uncle Bahadur Shah for 9 years. At that time Shah, the youngest son of Prithivi Narayan Shah was spending his exile life in Bettiah, on the charge of revolt against king Pratap Singh Shah. Now Rajendra Laxmi called him and he came back to Kathmandu. And for some time they ruled jointly as co regents the name of Rana Bahadur Shah. But unfortunately misunderstanding developed between Bahadur Shah and Rajendra Laxmi. Actually, after the death of Prithivi Narayan Shah, the conspiracy among the Bhardars began in palace. As result Bahadur Shah was imprisoned for sometime. Through the Guru Misra he was freed and imprisoned Rajendra Laxmi on the base of wrong charge. his way the disharmonious relation led to the imprisonment of one by the other, in turn. After that Bahadur Shah became engaged in the maintainence of force for unification, and he nt to Gorkha for it. about his absence, Rajendra Laxmi got herself released from it with the help of her supportey. Again rule as a sole regent of Rana she began to Nepalese Bahadur Shah. When Bahadur Shah knew this news in Gorkha he again went to Bettiah 
          Taking advantages of such internal troubles in the palace, the chiefs of Chaubisi territory, under the leadership of the king of Palpa, made an attempt to invade Gorkha in 1781 A.Di chaubisi, which was under Nepal, in the reign of Prata Singh Shah, organized against Nepal. Rajenddra Laxmi also sent a troop towards Tanahun. Before the Nepalese force reached Tanahun, the Parbat had already come for help to Tanahun, In the meanwhile, Garud Dwaj Pant attacked in Shrinchowk leading the force of Tanahun. During this time, Siddhi Narayan Shah also came leading the troops of Kaski, Meanwhile, the huge force came from Kathmandu under the leadership of brave Balabhadra Kunwar, Devdatta Thapa, Damodar Pandey and Amar Singh Thapa. All of them attacked in different places and defeated the force of Chaubisi and entered into Tanahun Harakumar Datt Sen fled towards Lamjung Knowing this, Kirtibam Malla, the king of Parvat, came in front by attacked Palpa. So, he came to Nepalese force for in Kaski. The king of Kaski shelter. Nepalese force defeated the Parbat. Siddhi Narayan Shah surrendered with Nepalese force and became a dependent king. After somedays, the Dharmapatra, an agreement was written between Nepal and Kaski. According to it Kaski had to work in favour of Nepal. In this way the Kaski also indirectly enclosed into Nepal Now Rajendra Laxmi sent a force towards Pande. He defeated Lamjung under the leadership of Bamsaraj the Lamjung and Tanahun. After that both kings Birmardan Shah and Harakumar Dutt fled to Ramnagar, In this and Tanahun became the dependant states Rajendra Laxmi sent a force under the leadership of Nuru Shah and Abiman Singh Basnet to capture Parvat and Palpa, This force reached the Parvat and then Tansen, the capital o Palpa by seizing other places on the way, After that again the joint troops of Parvat and Kaski attacked in Lamjung. Seeing this, Rajendra Luxmi sent force on the leading of Nuru Shah and Abhiman Singh Basnet towards Lamjung. Actually without winning the Lamjung, the Chaubisi expansion was not in the end. So, in 1784 A.D. the war was waged in Parvat and Kaski, At last Nepal won. All the policy of Parvat's king failed And after one year, Nepal attack in Kaski. Siddhi Narayan Shah ned to next Nuwakot, but Nepali force attacked in this place and won. After winning Kaski the kings of Garahun, Rissing, Bhirkot, satahun accepted to become the dependant kings of Nepal and they also enclosed into Nepal, Gradually the boundary of Nepal expanded Now Rajendra Luxmi concentrated her mind towards the eastern part. In Bijayapur, the widow queen of Karna trying to return to her state. Her adopted son Dwajbir was helping to her. The Nepalese force attacked Dhumgara, where Dwajbir was living. He fled from there. Number of his followers was killed. People of this region showed the respect to Nepalese ing instead of confrontation. Queen Rajendra Laxmi also gave them respectable posts. In this way the eastern problems came to an end At the same time Rajendra Laxmi died on 13th July 1785 D. during her short regency period of nine years, she contributed much to the expansion of the territory of Nepal During her regency, the boundary of Nepal flourished much on the western eastern parts of Nepal.

  •   Bahadur Shah and expansion of Nepal 

         Bahadur Shah was the youngest son of king Prithivi Narayan Shah. He possessed all kingly qualities. King Pratap Singh Shah was afraid of his growing popularity. So Bahadur Shah was imprisoned and then exiled. After the death of king Pratap Singh Shah, he came back and began to co-regent with Rajendra Luxmi. But, because of growing misunderstanding between them he was again exiled and was spending his life in Bettiah. So, he spent much time in Bettiah. When regent queen mother died, Bahadur came back form Shah again Bettiah and resumed the charge of the government as a regent to the baby king Rana Bahadur Shah With the regency of government, he thought to expand the boundary of Nepal, which had been continuing from the great king Prithivi Narayan Shah He found that some of the states of Chaubisi Rajya were to annexed to the kingdom by the regent queen mother Rajendra Laxmi. Now he determined to annex the rest of the state. For be discussing about conquest the Palpa, he called his sister tr Bilaskumari form Salyan. She sent her son Raghunath to Te replace her presence. They maintained the matrimonial relationship with Palpa, marrying the daughter of king Mahadutta Sen, the king of Palpa. He convinced Mahadutta Sen not to intervene in his policy; rather than they equally divided the winning places. After that he prepared his force for expansion of Nepal. Before his expansion, he directed his chief of force in mainly two different points. First, they had to maintain good security of dependant kingdoms Bhirkot Tanahun, Garahun, and Rissing etc, and if other territories would want to become dependant of Nepal they would not take action against them. Likewise, the second direction was given that they always had to have polite behavior with the people of winning places. After giving all the instruction, he sent the force in 1786 A.D. under the leadership of skilled warriors Jib Shah Shiva Narayan Khatri, Sardar Parath Bhandari etc. The strong force invaded Gulmi, Khanchi, Dhurkot, Kushma and Baglung one by one. Then Bahadur Shah sent troops to the far- Western side. The powerful Gorkhali troops under the well-experienced command of Damodar Pandey and Amar Singh Thapa invaded uthan, Dang, Jajarkot, Dailekh, Achham and Doti. In this way by 1790 A.D. the western border of Nepal reached up to the Mahakali River. After that the Gorkhali troops also invaded Almorah, Garhwal, and Kumaun. But unfortunately, in the Shah China war broke out and Bahadur meantime Nepa backed his force to the capital concluding a treaty with Garhwal Now the Gorkhali troops also marched northwards. In the year 1789 A.D., Bahadur Shah sent Gorkha Troops under the joint command of Damodar Pandey and Bam Shah to attack Tibet. The Nepalese troops entered Tibet through and A fierce battle was fought at Sikarjong reached near Lhasha hich the Tibetans were badly defeated. Now the peace talks were held. According to it Tibet had to pay yearly 50,000 rupees to Nepal. But after paying for one-year Tibet broke the treaty As a result again the war broke out. When the Chinese emperor heard the news of the invasion of Tibet by Nepal, he sent large troops. Again a fierce battle was fought. At last Chinese representatives of Tibet and Nepal met and had a peace talk i 1790 A.D. Now the Nepal's boundary extended up to Tatopani in the north. The Gorkha troops also marched eastwards. They invaded Ilam and reached up to Sikkim. Thus under Bahadur Shah, Nepal grew from a small Gorkha kingdom into a mighty big Nepal. Nepal's territory was extended up to Tibet on the north, to Kashmir and Dehradun on the west In this way, the nine years regent government of Bahadur Shah was the golden age of Nepal's unification. King really Prithivi Narayan Shah had to labour for 25 years in the conquest of the valley. Ragendra Luxmi added 8 years for the conquest of western tiny states, Chaubise. Bahadur Shah extended the boundary far and wide within 9 years When king Rana Bahadur Shah attained the age of 20 years he removed Bahadur Shah from the regency and began to rule personally. Because of suspecting the conspiracy, king the Rana Bahadur unnecessary topic and ordered him to submit the account of the Tibet Shah suspected his loyalty and imprisoned him, Bahadur Shah was greatly shocked at the treatment of the king towards him. At last, he committed suicide on 14th Asar 1854 B.S. (June 1797 A.D.). Such was the tragic end of the true patriot, a great warrior and a loyal servant.